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The anabolic steroid stanozolol is marketed under the brand name winstrol. Winstrol is one of the widely know steroids in the world. It is really an interesting alternative of dihydrotestosterone. Winstrol attained worldwide attention in 1988 when Canadian sprinter, Ben Johnson was tested positive for using the medicine; Johnson won 100 meter race at the summer Olympics in Soel, Korea using the steroid. The winner, Shawn Ray, and Canadian pro, Nimrod King were tested positive for Stanozolol during the IFFBs (International Federation of BodyBuilders) short-term drug screening effort at the 1990 Arnold Classic, an annual bodybuilding competition, named after Arnold Schwarzenegger.

You Can Buy Winstrol Online

You Can Buy Winstrol OnlineThe anabolic steroid stanozolol is marketed under the brand name winstrol. Winstrol is one of the widely know steroids in the world. It is really an interesting alternative of dihydrotestosterone. Winstrol attained worldwide attention in 1988 when Canadian sprinter, Ben Johnson was tested positive for using the medicine; Johnson won 100 meter race at the summer Olympics in Soel, Korea using the steroid. The winner, Shawn Ray, and Canadian pro, Nimrod King were tested positive for Stanozolol during the IFFBs (International Federation of BodyBuilders) short-term drug screening effort at the 1990 Arnold Classic, an annual bodybuilding competition, named after Arnold Schwarzenegger. Stanozolol was first originated in 1962 by Winthrop Laboratories, and it was promoted under the trade name Winstrol. It comes in two different forms; injectable as well as oral. Both forms are equally popular, and the majority of muscle-builders, athletes, jocks use them on a daily basis. If used properly, Winstrol is a very secure and effectual steroid. Winstrol has many genuine uses in both human beings as well as animals. In humans, it is very effectual in treating anemia. Vets recommend Winstrol to develop growth of muscles, energize RBC fabrication, encourage bone mass, and improve the appetencies of ill or weakened animals.Muscle-builders buy winstrol for many reasons. While not the strongest anabolic steroid available, winstrol produces lesser side effects, provided it is not abused. Winstrol is very useful at causing potency growths without excess gain in the body weight. The majority of weightlifters, jocks, body-builders "buy winstrol" to raise their muscle vascularity. Injectable Winstrol is reported to give the body muscle a stronger and healthy appearance plus quicken the oxidation rate of fat. Often, pre-competitive bodybuilders buy winstrol because it doesnt infuse into estrogens and cause water retention and other side effects. This makes it a distinguished steroid to use during cutting cycles, when water and fat preservation are a major concern. Internet offers you easy & convenient way to buy winstrol online. You can easily buy winstrol online. There are a number of sites selling winstrol and other steroids online, but you should buy winstrol from a genuine and a reliable site.

Basic information about Cholesterol

Basic information about Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a waxy, fatty substance that is found in every cell of the body. It is involved in the production of cell membranes, some hormones, vitamin D, bile acids, and other tissues in the body. It also insulates nerves. Cholesterol is produced in the liver, but we also get cholesterol from our diet.The amount of cholesterol in the body depends on factors such as the rate of cholesterol production in the liver, the rate of cholesterol clearance from the body, the amount of dietary fat (particularly saturated fat) and to a lesser extent, cholesterol consumed.The excess cholesterol in our body circulates in the bloodstream. High levels of cholesterol in the blood can clog blood vessels and increase the risk fro heart disease and stroke.Different types of CholesterolLow-Density Lipoprotein (or LDL) cholesterol is a bad type of cholesterol that is most likely to clog blood vessels, increasing you risk for heart disease. High-Density Lipoprotein (or HDL) cholesterol is a good type of cholesterol. HDL cholesterol helps clear the LDL cholesterol out of the blood and reduces your risk for heart disease.Cholesterol & Heart DiseaseHigh cholesterol is one of the major contributors to heart disease. Research strongly indicates that lowering of cholesterol leads to a drop in the occurrence of heart disease. The main reason for this is because with less blood cholesterol, there is less plaque formation within the arterial walls. This will reduce the chances or an artery becoming blocked and causing a heart attack or stroke. Also, blood will flow through arteries with greater ease and this can lower blood pressure.Reasons which lead to a Rise in Cholesterol:Poor eating habitsSmokingExcess weight or ObesityHeredity factorDaily StressOver Alcohol consumptionWays to control or lessen Cholesterol:Good eating habitsIt is very important to follow good eating habits in order to lower your cholesterol.Regular exercisingExperts recommend at least 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity five days a week for at least 12 weeks for significant cholesterol reduction.Weight loss and maintaining itYou can lower your LDL (bad cholesterol) and elevate your HDL (good cholesterol) just by dropping some pounds.

Sympathy for Plastic Surgery

Sympathy for Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is becoming a common thing nowadays, with things like nose jobs and face lifts almost becoming everyday procedures in some large cities. Certainly, there are a number of psychological and emotional benefits to such procedures, but only if they are properly done. Also, even if these procedures are performed flawlessly by the surgeon, there are still some things that need to be kept in mind after the surgery itself, not the least of which is the need for post-surgery therapy. There are even a few things that need to be taken into account before something like this is even considered, outside of an emergency situation where the procedure is reconstructive and not aesthetic in nature.The first thing to consider would be the reasons for the surgery in the first place. If the procedure is not meant to repair damaged tissue and is merely cosmetic, plastic surgeons will often have the patient speak to a psychologist before agreeing to the procedure. There are a myriad of reasons for this, not the least of which is to reduce the chances of mistakenly performing a procedure to perfect someone's appearance on a person who is psychologically incapable of recognizing an absence of flaws. The more ethical plastic surgeons are willing to perform procedures only on people who require them or do not have some sort of psychological issue that might cause problems if surgery is carried out. However, this is merely what needs to be done before one goes under the knife, with what needs to happen afterwards being a completely different scenario.There can be any number of things that must be taken into consideration when it comes to "post-surgery therapy" , particularly for plastic surgery. For example, in the case of liposuction, there is usually a set number of days of minimal or controlled food consumption. This is because whatever was done during the procedure needs time to stick, as it were. Binge eating will not only damage what the liposuction was supposed to do, but it may also cause additional damage as side effects.In general, the surgeons themselves will inform their patients of what needs to be done and what things should be avoided before they're discharged. Whatever they say must be adhered to almost religiously, because these procedures and limitations were designed to help the body fully heal after whatever was done. Yes, there is a recovery time in place after the surgical procedure itself, but the body needs more time to really settle. Some types of cosmetic surgical procedures might also require the use of certain medications, with various effects. Some are designed to help the body accept the changes, while others are used to reduce some negative symptoms, such as pain.The precautions to be taken after the fact hold true even when the procedure is reconstructive in nature. These sorts of medical procedures can sometimes be rather invasive, with a number of available techniques requiring that areas of the patient's body be cut and pathways into deeper cavities opened up. In the end, these procedures require time for the body to fully recover from them, much like other forms of surgery.

Oesophagus Cancer

Oesophagus Cancer

Copyright 2006 Radoslaw PilarskiEpidemiologyCancer of the oesophagus is one of the cancers of the digestive tract of the most serious prognosis. Incidence and death rates are higher for populations other than the white race (5-years long survival rate in the United States in years 1992 - 1999 equalled 15% for the white race and 9%for others). As far as the incidence rate is concerned, the cancer is classified on the 13th position among men and on the 29th position among women. As far as the death rate is concerned, it is classified on the 12th and 25th positions respectively.The following regions are characterized by the highest incidence rate: north Iran, southern republics of the former USSR and the north of China - over 100 for 100,000 (Asian belt of cancer of the oesophagus). Medium incidence rate - Sri Lanka, India, South Africa, France, Switzerland: 10-50 for 100,000; low - Europe, Japan, Great Britain, Canada - under 10 for 100,000.Increasing tendency for adenocarcinoma (before 1980, it constituted about 15%, nowadays it's about 35-37%) - in the USA and in Europe. The incidence rate of cancer of the cardia area is also increasing.EtiologyTobacco use - increases the risk of adenocarcinoma, no connection with the occurrence of squamous carcinoma. Alcohol abuse - increases the risk of squamous carcinoma. Joint effects of tobacco and high-proof spirits use increase the risk of cancer of the oesophagus about 100 times. Obesity - increases the risk of the incidence about 2 times. Diet poor in fruit increases the risk of squamous carcinoma about 2 times. Lack of carotene, selenium, E vitamin, scarcity of hot meals and consumption of spoiled fruit have influence on the incidence of adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma.Culturally inclined dietary habits increase the risk of incidence in Asia, south Africa, south America and the Middle East; in Europe and in the USA these are tobacco use and alcohol abuse.Additional risk factors: Tylosis Plantaris, Plummer syndrome / Vinson and Patterson / Kelly, Achalasia, Pre-existing presence of caustic substances, Pre-existing cancers of respiratory and digestive tract, Barrett's oesophagus Infections of Helicobacter Pyroli and Human Papilloma Virus.Symptoms Dysphagia, often preceded by discomfort of swallowing lasting several months, and loss of weight are the first symptoms in 90% of patients. Difficulties with swallowing may not be perceptible even if the narrowing of the oesophagus reaches 66%. There are 4 degrees of dysphagia: I grade - ability to swallow solids, II grade- ability to swallow ground food III grade - ability to swallow liquids only IV grade - aphagiaThe following symptoms appear frequently: bringing up food, stomachaches and pneumonia. In more advanced cases: bloodstained vomit, blood spitting (because of tracheoesphageal fistula), retrosternal aches (infiltration of mediastinum structures), hoarseness, and cough (invasion of tracheal lymph nodes and infiltration of recurrent laryngeal nerve).Natural course of the illnessPhase I - initial - is reversible thanks to prevention methods. It may last up to 30 years, it is characterized by a low or advanced metaplasia of epithelium cells, then it results in dysplasia, hyperchromasia and dyscariosis of nuclei. Phase II - results in carcinoma in situ (pre-invasion cancer). It is clinically asymptomatic and may last for a long time. Afterwards, cancer permeates basement membrane and assumes an infiltrative character. In clinical terms, it is the first degree of advanced cancer. Phase III - II and III grade of advanced cancer. Clinical symptoms: increasing dysphagia, narrowing of the inside diameter of the oesophagus visible in radiological examination. Phase II clinical - no metastases to regional lymph nodes, III - metastases are present. Phase IV - IV degree of advanced cancer. Terminal phase, it lasts for a short time, remote metastases are possible, often a non-operational cancer.ClassificationTNM classification Size of tumour TX primary tumour cannot be assessed T0 no evidence of the primary tumour Tis carcinoma in situ T1 tumour affects lamina propria of the mucosa or submucosa T2 tumour affects muscularis propria T3 tumour affects tunica adventitia T4 tumour infiltrates adjacent structures Lymph nodes NX regional lymph nodes cannot be assessed N0 regional lymph nodes are not affected N1 regional lymph nodes are affected Remote metastases M0 absent M1 remote metastases are present (including visceral nodes)Classification of the American Joint Committee on Cancer Abbreviations mentioned above are used in the description: 0 grade Tis, N0, M0; I grade T1, N0, M0; IIA grade T2, N0, M0 or T3, N0, M0; IIBgrade T1, N1, M0 or T2, N1, M0; III grade T3, N1, M0 or T4, any N, M0; IV grade any T, any N, and M1.DiagnosticsDiagnostically basic tests: Thorough subjective test with medical history. Radiological examination of the oesophagus with contrast medium, together with stomach and duodenum tests - narrowing or change of the oesophageal axis may signify the presence of a tumour and it estimates the usefulness of the stomach to be joined. Double contrast use is advisable in order to reveal smaller changes that are invisible during tests with single contrast use.Diagnostically additional tests: Aspirational biopsy of palpable cervical nodes in order to exclude metastases beyond the chest. Oesophagoscopy with a sample taken to histopathological tests - estimates the cancer macroscopally (it can be assigned to one of the following groups: convex, ulcerating, superficial, egzofitic and mixed) and microscopally, it is localized precisely against the physiological narrowing of the oesophagus, and regarding the distance from the upper incisors; one should pay attention to changes in the area of the pharyngeal muscle connection of squamous and column epithelinum and diaphragm hiatus, presence or absence of satellite changes such as erosions, Barrett's oesophagus or esophagitis. In the case of unambiguous test results, toluidine blue or Lugol's iodine should be used. Bronchoscopy should always be conducted if there is a possibility of resection of upper or middle part of the oesophagus in order to exclude trachea's and bronchial tree infiltration. CT of the chest and the upper abdomen in order to localize metastatic changes. Esophageal ultrasonography (EUS) as a confirmation of the afflicting of mediastinal lymph nodes. MRI - its precision is comparable to CT. PET with 18F - fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) according to initial tests detects the tumour and presence of the regional metastases with a greater precision than CT, it certainly works better in the detection of the presence of remote metastases. PET with 11C-methacholine - detects with greater precision presence of small metastatic foci in the mediastinal area; according to some tests, best results are achieved by PET together with combined use of FGD and 11C-methacholine.Preoperative tests: Test of cardiovascular system function - ECG, in some justified cases echocardiography, exercise test, arteriography of carotid artery, Doppler's USG of carotid arteries. Test of respiratory system function - spirometrical and gasometrical tests; assessment of vital lung capacity, one-second tense tidal volume, Tiffeneau-test. Kidneys and liver function test determination of urea level, creatinine, creatinine clearance, level of sodium, potassium, chloride and calcium ions, level of transaminases GOT, GPT, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, hepatic tests. Determination of the complete albumin level and albumin found in plasma. Assessment of the degree of undernourishment and dehydration assessment of the thickness of a skin fold, Determination of the general state of a patient scales of Karnofsky and WHO.Qualification to operation: General state according to Karnofsky's scale at least 80, according to WHO - not more than 1. Normal functioning of bone marrow (RBC 3.5 mln/1ml, PLT 100thous/1ml). Normal functioning of kidneys (indicator/gauge of creatinine clearance >50l l/min). No remote metastases (M0). TreatmentSurgerySurgery usually consists in a removal of the tumour together with a part or the whole of the oesophagus and surrounding lymph nodes and tissues. Then, the remaining part of the oesophagus is joined to the stomach in the cervical area in order to preserve swallowing ability. Sometimes, endoprostheses are used, however, usually only of stomach or intestine . An additional joint of the stomach directly to the intestine may be carried out in order to facilitate passage of food from the stomach to the intestine. It should be remembered that this type of surgery depends mainly on the general state of a patient and the stage of cancer development.Main methods used in surgery are presented below:Transhiatal esophagectomy (m. Orringer). 1. Upper part of abdomen and lower part of neck are opened, no direct invasion in the chest. 2. Oesophagus is dissected with care from mediastinal structures and then removed. 3. Subsequently, stomach is connected with the cervical part of the oesophagus (end-to-end esophagogastrostomy) carried in the site of anterior mediastinum. Transmediastinal esophagectomy (m. Akiyama). 1. Chest is opened on the left and right side (more often on the right side, with the tumour in the upper and middle part of the oesophagus, and taking into consideration the aortic arch; more often on the left if the tumour is localized in the joint of the oesophagus and the stomach). 2. Incision in the sixth left intercostal area exposes anterior mediastinum. 3. Semicircular incision of the diaphragm, 1 inch from the costal arch, exposes upper part of abdomen. 4. Oesophagus is removed with perioesophageal nodes and nodes of lesser curvature of the stomach 5. Substitute is made mainly from stomach: a) with incision made on the right side, laparotomy is additionally performed in order to prepare stomach and to place in the site in the anterior mediastinum or in the retrosternal area, b) with incision made on the left side, stomach is pulled under the aortic arch and joined to cervical stump of the oesophagus. Esophagectomy en bloc. 1. It consists in excision of the tumour with a wide margin including surrounding structures in the background together with pleura and with pericardium in front. 2. Lymphatic vessels placed between the oesophagus, aorta and thoracic duct are excised en bloc. 3. Anterior mediastinum excision guarantees complete removal of nodes from the split of trachea to oesophageal hiatus. 4. Hepatic, visceral, left gastric nodes and nodes of lesser curvature of the stomach, parahiatal and retroperitoneal, which reduces the number of local post operational metastases to less than 10%. Esophagectomy en bloc with tripolar lymphadenectomy It consists in additional excision of cervical nodes.RadiotherapyRadiotherapy treatment consists in the use of highly energetic rays in order to destroy cancerous cells. Radiotherapy may be provided from an external or an internal source (brachytherapy, it consists in introduction of a pipe with radiating material into the inside diameter of the oesophagus). Radiotherapy may only be used together with chemotherapy, as an alternative treatment method, if the stage of cancer or other factors do not allow to carry out a surgery. It can be used either alone or together with chemotherapy, before surgery is performed. In palliative treatment, radiotherapy also plays an important role.ChemotherapyPharmaceutical treatment consists in anti-cancerous medicines use, usually administered intravenously affecting cancerous cells by circulation around/ in the body. It can be used together with radiotherapy, as an alternative way of treatment to surgery and preoperatively.In the phase of controlled clinical tests, other ways of treatment are possible, such as laser therapy or photodynamic therapy (PDT).Palliative treatmentOver 70% of the diagnosed patients cannot be qualified for surgical treatment because of the extensiveness of cancerous changes. Palliative treatment is intended to improve the general state of a patient, decrease ailment and difficulties swallowing. The following methods are applied: Palliative resection Evasive connections - creation of a bridge evading a narrowing or a closure of the inside diameter of the oesophagus. Oesophageal prostheses. Gastric and intestinal fistula, including microfistula of small intestine - enabling feeding directly to the inside diameter of the intestine. Mechanical widening of the narrowing. Self-widening Stent's mass. Laser therapy - a surgery consisting in introducing a fiberscope with a laser light into the oesophagus, with breaks lasting several days, which enables exfoliation of cells and widening of the inside diameter of the oesophagus. The most popular laser: Nd Yag laser.

Help for That Bothersome Rash

It is estimated that one in 10 people in the United States suffers from seasonal allergies.With seasonal allergies come the coughing, sneezing, watery eyes, and sometimes even a rash, what your doctor may call eczema. When many people discover a rash, they may do nothing and hope that it will go away on its own. And most do. When a rash occurs that is itchy, unsightly and maybe even painful and just won't go away, it may be the time to visit a physician.Having a rash can make you miserable. Troublesome itching can range from uncomfortable to unbearable, and in some cases, cause physical pain and psychological distress. Skin and scalp disorders that produce chronic rashes, such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (eczema), are known to have a significant impact on self-esteem and emotional well-being."Rashes, like psoriasis and eczema, can be difficult to live with and hard to manage," says Linda Stein Gold, MD, Director of Dermatological Clinical Research for the Henry Ford Health System. "Topical corticosteroids may be effective in treating such conditions." Treatments have been typically lotions or creams that may be messy and inconvenient to use. Two treatments, Luxq (betamethasone valerate) Foam 0.12% and OLUX (clobetasol propionate) Foam 0.05% are topical corticosteroids that work by reducing the inflammatory responses in the skin. They are available in a unique foam vehicle which is easy to apply and can cover large areas of the skin. "If you are suffering from a rash that would respond to a topical steroid, having an easy-to-use, fast-drying foam can make a difference. The foam absorbs quickly and leaves little residue, unlike heavy, sticky creams that can take a long time to dry and may leave stains on clothing or bedding" states Dr. Stein Gold.Available by prescription only, Luxq is a mid-potency topical corticosteroid indicated for dermatoses of the scalp while OLUX is a super-potent topical corticosteroid indicated for short-term topical treatment of moderate to severe dermatoses of the scalp, and for short-term topical treatment of mild to moderate plaque-type psoriasis of non-scalp regions.If you suffer from a bothersome, persistent rash, consult with your dermatologist to see if these products might work for you. Treatment with OLUX beyond two consecutive weeks is not recommended and the total dosage should not exceed 50 g per week because of the potential for the drug to suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. OLUX is not recommended for use in children under 12 years of age. In clinical trials, the most common adverse events associated with the use of OLUX were burning, dryness and other reactions applicable at the application site. For Luxq in clinical trials, the most common adverse events were mild, transient burning, stinging or itching at the application site.

A Successful Weight Loss Diet Starts from the Inside

If you're like most women, you've been on a million weight loss diets, from Weight Watchers and Atkins to South Beach and celeb diets. You voraciously read magazines for their weight loss tips and gravitate toward the headlines that promise you can lose weight fast. The chances are good that you have, indeed, lost weight on many of these diets, but the chances are even better that you've gained it all back - plus some. Your skinny jeans become your tight jeans, and then they get tucked in the back of your closet, along with your fantasies of becoming a size 0.Weight Loss Diet FailureYou've probably bought into the propaganda that says you've failed at dieting; a different - and more accurate - way of looking at it is that the weight loss diet has failed you. That's because most diets focus on short-term changes that result in temporary weight loss, but never tackle the underlying factors that make you put on the pounds to begin with. In other words, they focus only on the "outside" problem - your body - and neglect everything below the surface - your emotions, your intellect, and your relationships. A diet for summer might work for swimsuit season, but if you don't strengthen your foundations before you lose weight, those Diesel "skinny jeans" won't fit when fall rolls around.Turning Failure into SuccessIn order to lose weight and keep it off, you need a guide who will lead you on an exploratory journey to discover the power and control that you possess. Then, you need to be taught how to harness those powers to achieve all that you want in life - including fitting into your skinny jeans. You may have been told - either verbally or through insidious advertisements - that if you don't have power over your eating, you have no power at all. Nothing could be further from the truth. Every woman is magnificent, and every woman has mental powers, emotional powers, social powers and physical powers just waiting to be tapped. When you heal your past wounds, and recognize and reinforce the power within you, you have laid the foundation for permanent weight loss. Practical and FunIf a weight loss diet is a drag, you'll never succeed in reaching your goals. On the other hand, if you have an empowering program to follow that is also practical and fun, you hold the keys to success. In fact, you can even drop a whole size in two weeks. The "secret" - if you want to call it that - is to adopt a well-tested exercise program that can instantly fit into your lifestyle. Remember, the success lies in simplicity, clarity, and practicality. Then, you need to adopt an eating plan that works synergistically with your exercise plan to build on the foundation of the inner work you have done in order to embrace your personal power. Remember that, with the right guide, you can do more than go on yet another weight loss diet; you can truly win in all areas of your life and achieve an outer beauty than matches your inner beauty.

Summary

The anabolic steroid stanozolol is marketed under the brand name winstrol. Winstrol is one of the widely know steroids in the world. It is really an interesting alternative of dihydrotestosterone. Winstrol attained worldwide attention in 1988 when Canadian sprinter, Ben Johnson was tested positive for using the medicine; Johnson won 100 meter race at the summer Olympics in Soel, Korea using the steroid. The winner, Shawn Ray, and Canadian pro, Nimrod King were tested positive for Stanozolol during the IFFBs (International Federation of BodyBuilders) short-term drug screening effort at the 1990 Arnold Classic, an annual bodybuilding competition, named after Arnold Schwarzenegger.